Wednesday, July 15, 2020

Coping With a Fear of Swallowing (Phagophobia)

Coping With a Fear of Swallowing (Phagophobia) Phobias Types Print Coping With Phagophobia (Fear of Swallowing) By Lisa Fritscher Lisa Fritscher is a freelance writer and editor with a deep interest in phobias and other mental health topics. Learn about our editorial policy Lisa Fritscher Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on June 19, 2015 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on August 12, 2019 Blend Images/Getty Images More in Phobias Types Causes Symptoms and Diagnosis Treatment Phagophobia, or the fear of swallowing, is a relatively rare and quite specific phobia. It is sometimes confused with pseudodysphagia (the fear of choking). The major difference is that those with phagophobia are afraid of the act of swallowing, while those with pseudodysphagia are afraid that swallowing will lead to choking. Both fears are sometimes confused with medical conditions such as dysphagia and odynophagia, in which a physiological disorder causes difficult or painful swallowing. Causes of Phagophobia Phagophobia is often, though not always, triggered by a negative experience while eating and may surface in people who experience other food fears. How Food Phobias Can Have a Common Cause Phagophobia is one of the few phobias that can actually bring about the feared condition (phobophobia is another). Anxiety and tension  can cause the throat muscles to constrict, feeling to some like a lump in the throat. Those who fear swallowing may find themselves physically unable to do so once they become too anxious. This, in turn, can worsen the fear, creating a perpetuating cycle that is difficult to break. Phagophobia can also occur in the absence of any identifiable triggers. Coping Strategies Since the throat muscles often constrict during bouts of anxiety, coping strategies generally focus on remaining calm. Some people find that watching TV or listening to music while eating provides a welcome distraction that makes chewing and swallowing a less intense experience. Some find that taking a sip of liquid with each bite eases the swallowing process, while others avoid foods that they find scratchy or hard. Finding your comfort zone is often a matter of trial and error. Clinical Treatment Options If your fear is more serious, professional assistance may be required. Phagophobia sometimes worsens over time, leading to gradually more restricted eating habits. This, in turn, can affect your overall health, as it is can be difficult to maintain a healthy diet when you are afraid to swallow. Find a therapist who will work with you to develop a treatment plan that addresses your phagophobia  and any related disorders. Developing a relationship with a health provider who comes to know you well can be very helpful, as your phagophobia treatment plan will need to be designed to meet your specific needs. Different Types of Treatment Plans A 2013 review found only 12 studies related to therapeutic intervention or diagnostic examination of phagophobia and found severe methodological shortcomings in each, making it challenging to make general claims regarding the efficacy of one treatment modality as compared to another. As a starting point, there are case reports documenting the positive influence of particular therapies on individual clinical patients. One 25-year-old woman, whose initial episode lasted one year, began to manifest phagophobia symptoms whenever she was under stress or had difficulty solving a problem. A treatment plan was devised for her in which she was gradually exposed to various triggering situations. Cognitive therapy was also employed along training to teach coping skills. After 20 sessions of therapy, she has been without symptoms for more than a year without relapse.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Effects Of Lithium On Memory And Cognition - 1489 Words

The Neurosensory Effects of Lithium On Memory and Cognition Chelse S. Pike University of West GA Abstract More than 5 million Americans have been diagnosed with Alzheimer s or some form of dementia. The Alzheimer s Association says that dementia can also be referred to as memory loss. If you could take a magic pill and have a stable memory...would you do it? This paper explores the potential effects Lithium Carbonate has on memory, motor skills and cognition. For the purpose of this essay Lithium Carbonate will be referred to as Lithium, from this point further. The purpose of this paper is to determine if Lithium affects the brain’s memory, or has no effect at all, more specifically in Alzheimer s†¦show more content†¦Squire et al. measured the participant’s manic and depressive state with a series of test, along with a subjective state questionnaire. The results indicated that lithium had a significant and detrimental effect on memory and motor speed. Whereas, Shaw, Stokes, Mann and Manevitz (1987) conducted a 16 person double blind crossover design st udy on lithium carbonate effects on the memory and motor speed of bipolar patients. The participants were between the ages of 22 to 55. Each patient was either given a dose of lithium or a placebo. After 2 weeks participants were administered a battery of memory and cognitive test. Shaw et al. (1987) reported lithium induced slowing performance on certain motor tests; however it did not cause memory impairment or a change in self-assessment of memory. This paper examines Squire et al. and Shaw et al. research against the fictional experiment designed by Pike (2015). This study was chosen to better understand the effects Lithium can have on the brain and more specifically, memory. Lithium can be used in many different ways to manage bipolar disorder, major depression, and PTSD. While there are studies that have tested the effects of Lithium on the brain in participants with bipolar disorder, this paper branches to specifically diagnosed Alzheimer s participants. If this study is successful and proven to increase memory, this opens a door for the need of moreShow MoreRelatedMedications Essay1741 Words   |  7 Pagesanti-convulsant and amnestic properties. When administered intravenously or in high doses, benzodiazepines may produce anterograde amnesia. Their effects are potentiated by narcotics and alcohol. Sudden discontinuation of benzodiazepines may produce a wide variety of withdrawal effects, including anxiety, insomnia, panic attacks and impairment of memory and concentration. The clinician should be alert to the possibility that the patient is taking more than one type of benzodiazepine, is taking moreRead MoreWhat is Autism?1999 Words   |  8 PagesAutism is a varied family of disorders, and its prevalence is on the rise. Today, one in 110 children are diagnosed with Autism. Although there are a few drugs available to treat repetitive behaviors and irritability, associated side effects can limit their use. Currently there are no effective treatments for the core symptoms of Autism which often include language and communication shortfalls, intellectual disability, epilepsy, attention deficits, and hyperactivity (Dolan et al. 5671). Fragile XRead MoreThe, The And, And Artist, Georgia O Keefee, By Edgar Allen Poe1108 Words   |  5 Pagesfears artists hold towards medication are well placed. The most prescribed medicine for those who suffer manic-depression is lithium. Even early researchers of lithium were aware of the limitations that accompanied the drug. While eliminating a patient’s â€Å"highsâ € , the drug would also eliminate sexuality and nearly all energy levels. Lithium slows cognition and impairs memory. Mogens Schou, Danish psychiatrist known for saving many lives with this drug noted some of his patients hated treatment. HisRead MoreCompare and Contrast the Main Principles in Any Two of the Followingpsychological Therapies: Psychoanalysis, Behavior Therapy, Cognitive Therapy or Humanistic Therapy1584 Words   |  7 Pagespsychopathology as demonic possessions (Davey, 2011). It was not until the late 18th and 19th century when its rival, medical science, addressed the mental illnesses fully. It was then when S. Weir Mitchells treatment of epilepsy and emotional liability with lithium bromide gave rise to medical solutions to mental health problems. His famous treatment aided in the transition of medical treatment from restraints in asylums to m (Davey, 2011)edicine pills and later on to psychological therapies (Schou, 1992). Read MoreSchizophrenia Case Study120 5 Words   |  5 Pagesfor schizophrenia is second generation antipsychotics (SGAs), exluding clozapine (Patel, Cherian, Gohil, Atkinson, 2014). These medications are associated with fewer extrapyramidal side effects such as dyskinesia and dystonic reactions, akathisia, and Parkinsonism yet still have adverse metabolic side effects including weight gain, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes (Patel, Cherian, Gohil, Atkinson, 2014). Research suggests that SGAs have increased efficacy in managing negative and neurocognitiveRead MoreAbnormal Psychology - Mood Disorders4501 Words   |  19 Pagesseem to be ‘high’ in mood and overactive in behavior. Their judgment is usually poor, although delusions are rare. When they interact with others, people with hypomania dominate the conversation and are often grandiose (meant to produce an imposing effect) . - Mania: more disruptive behaviors, including pronounced over activity, grandiosity and irritability. Their speech may be incoherent and they do not tolerate criticisms or restraints imposed by others. Hallucinations and delusions may appearRead MoreTreatment Of Bipolar Disorder ( Bipolar )1307 Words   |  6 Pagesthis is a chronic illness a person with BPD will at times seem symptom-free. The symptom-free person will still need to continue with their medication regimen and therapy as prescribed to maintain the disorder and prevent a relapse. Considering the effects of this mental illness the person with BPD will experience problems with maintaining personal relationships and have occupational difficulties. Suicide attempts are common for this disorder, and a great number of people with BPD will attempt suicideRead MoreCollege Student with Bipolar Disorder Essay1462 Words   |  6 Pagesconcerned in high school. Her parents had high demands, so she decided to become a politician. There is nothing wrong with being ambitious, but her reasons included switching souls with a senior state senator which gave her access to his thoughts and memories. Her ambition does not stop at being a politician, she also wants to single-handedly save the world from nuclear destruction. This is a prefect example of visions of grandeur success that people often see in their episodes of mania. The reason canRead MoreStephen Fry s The Secret Life Of The Manic Depressive1409 Words   |  6 Pagesunique experiences and stories. Then Fry takes a deeper look into medications and treatments that are commonly used to treat bipolar disorder including electroconvulsive therapy, ETC, cognitive-behavioral therapy, CBT, and a common bipolar drug called Lithium. While doing so, Fry talks to those who have already been through or administer these various treatments, considering if he should start due to the increasing severity of his own depressive and manic states. Fry explains that although t he depressiveRead MorePsychiatrists and Special Population Essay3236 Words   |  13 PagesPsychiatrists often encounters patients who are in special situations such as pregnancy, extreme of ages and/or medically ill. These situations cause deviation from the normal physiological process of the body and renders the group vulnerable to adverse drug effect. Therefore it is crucial for the clinicians to have fair knowledge about appropriate medication selection and dosing while treating these special populations. Psychiatric illness during pregnancy is not an uncommon scenario. A large meta-analysis

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Irish Music - 1593 Words

Celtic Irish Music Name Institutional Affiliation Celtic music is a broad group of music genres that have emerged from the native folk music traditions of people of Western Europe, such as the Irish. Throughout history, Ireland has been associated with music. Irish music history dates back over 2000 years when the Celts arrived in Ireland. Irish clerics are known for writing some of the earliest folk songs. One of the twelve disciples of Ireland, St Columcille (521-5797 AD), described that the clerics of Ireland had the ability to â€Å"sing like birds†. Irish music has remained vibrant in this 21st century having gained global recognition. This is unlike most European countries that have lost their native folk songs.†¦show more content†¦Before the 17th century, harpists were professional musicians and the use harps was at its height. At the time, Ireland was ruled by Chieftains, who also employed the use of harps in Irish songs. Irish tradition was steady and secure. However, at the beginning of the seventeenth cen tury, Ireland was invaded forced the Chieftains to flee the country. The Irish music tradition suffered a massive blow as harp playing was not considered as a profession anymore. The professional harpists became known as â€Å"travelling† harpists. Decades after the Chieftains fled Ireland after the first invasion, Ireland was colonized by the British. The British government introduced laws aimed at crushing the Irish culture and introducing the British culture. There was a penal law that forbade any cultural activities. These laws saw the significant suppression of the growth of Irish culture. In the 1840’s, Ireland suffered a great famine. This led to the death of more than one million people, subsequently, most of the Irish tradition died with them. The famine also saw a significant migration of people over the world in a desperate measure to stay alive. This led to a devastating factor in the Irish traditional music. However, a good dead came out of this emigration. When the Irish fled the famine and settled elsewhere, they introduce the Irish music in that new place. The traditional Irish music network grew especially in places like USA and Australia. The musicShow MoreRelatedEnglish Expansion in Ireland807 Words   |  3 Pagesresearch task I had picked Irish English (also known as Hiberno English). As English was first introduced to Ireland by the time of the Norman invasion. By the Tudor period, the Irish culture and language re-claimed its use in the territories it lost. However, the renewal of English expansion following the Tudor conquest of Ireland revived the use of their language, specifically during the plantations and the introduction of the Penal Laws, which banned the use of Irish. By the 19th century, EnglishRead MoreEssay on Ireland and Irishness.1281 Words   |  6 Pages ‘Irishness’ is defined in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as ‘the fact or quality of being Irish.’ This can be further defined by many elements of the way in which we live our lives. You could say what makes us Irish is our native language and the fact that we still learn it in school today, our sense of humour which is exclusive to Ireland, our traditional sports or holidays such as St. Patrick’s Day. But throughout history, many, many things have contributed to our ‘Irishness’ and to shaping theRead MoreDr. D Arcy s The Fate Of Irish Culture1390 Words   |  6 Pagesresonate with the entire nation of Ireland instead of being left at the sadness of one man. These thoughts are motivated by Mr. Dâ€℠¢Arcy’s singing that evening, and to some level, Gabriel is contemplating his own mortality. 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McMonigle - 3055083 Friday, October 28, 2005 When many think of the times of immigration, they tend to recall the Irish Immigration and with it comes the potato famine of the 1840s however, they forget that immigrants from the Emerald Isle also poured into America during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The assimilation and immigration of the Irish has been difficult for eachRead MoreIrish Dance Paper1124 Words   |  5 PagesIrish Dance: A Marvelous Dance Irish step dancing has existed since the 1700’s, over 300 years. Families in Ireland have passed down Irish step dance from generation to generation as a way of preserving their culture. While the meaning of the dance remains the same, the performance and showmanship has changed dramatically. From girls and boys with pale skin and natural hair to girls with fake tanned skin, huge curly wigs, and thousand dollar dresses and boys with fake tanned skin and outlandishRead MoreThe History Of The Jig1321 Words   |  6 Pageslive in Scottish land, all familiar with the famous Jig that is present in everyday culture. Scotland is one of the homes and origins of several dances, like the jig. From the first discovered human evidence found from 10,500 BC to the modernized Irish-based tradition St, Patrick s Day, ancient Ireland has gradually developed into a stable, affluent country with almost seven million visitors each year. Christianity was brought to Ireland in the 5th century, which later developed into a Celtic basedRead MoreThe Importance Of A Irish Step Dancing1794 Words   |  8 PagesAnother major change in Irish step dancing since its creation, and even in the last century, is the actual movement of the dancers. Watching Irish step dancing now, it is very clear that the movement is about the feet. In competition, dancers move their feet and legs quickly and swiftly in order to impress judges and the audience. Another distinct feature about Irish dance as opposed to other dance styles is the rigidity of the top half of the body. Dancers keep their torsos straight and keep theirRead MoreIrish Americans Essay1478 Words   |  6 PagesIrish- American Immigran ts Americas bounty -- the abundance of the fields, the beauty of the landscape, the richness of our opportunities -- has always attracted people who are in search of a better life for themselves and their children. Our democracy owes its success in great part to the countless immigrants who have made their way to our shores and to the tremendous diversity this Nation has been blessed with since its beginnings. In March, when communities all across the country celebrateRead MoreEssay EFFECTS OF THE GAELIC LEAGUE1116 Words   |  5 PagesEFFECTS OF THE GAELIC LEAGUE There has been discussion and problems in Ireland over the Irish language, culture, and Ireland’s economic development. Language and culture are among the most important elements of Irish heritage. One contribution that helped solve some of those problems was The Gaelic League. The Gaelic League had many effects in Ireland including reviving the Irish language, improving schools, making the social life of Ireland better and having less discrimination among other countries

Childhood and Pg Free Essays

How did Eddie die and why did he put himself in such danger? (pg. 15) he got smashed by a fiberglass cart from the drop nd to save a little girl Today is Eddie’s Birthday (#1) What decade in the 1900s was Eddie born? (pg. 19) in the 1920s Chapter 2: The Journey Did Eddie die trying to save the little girl? (pg. We will write a custom essay sample on Childhood and Pg or any similar topic only for you Order Now 21) Did Eddie save the little girl? (pg. 1) yes, we dont know Why do you think Eddie doesn’t feel worry or pain? Explain your answer. (pg. 22)its a earthly feeling Today is Eddie’s Birthday (#2)How old is Eddie? And what is his party like? (pgs. 23-25)eddie is 5 it was fun with cake and he whore a cowboy costume Chapter 3: The Arrival Where does Eddie wake up? How is it different from what he remembered at the end of his life? (pgs. 26-27) ruby pier, old rides are still there How is Eddied different? What can he do that he hadn’t done (or been able to do) for years? (pgs. 27-28) he can run At the end of the chapter, who is waiting for Eddie? (pg. 31). the blue man Chapter 4: The First Person Eddie Meets in Heaven Why does Eddie feel like a child? pg. 32) Hes back at his childhood place Where does the Blue Man tell Eddie he is? (pg. 34) In Heavan Why isn’t Eddie happy with the answer? (pg. 34) He didnt want to believe it, he doesnt think that place is heavan According to the Blue Man, what is the purpose of heaven and how does it tie into the title: The Five People You Meet in Heaven? (pg. 35) (important to the novel’s theme) To explain your life on earth What killed the Blue Man? (pg. 36) Eddie did. Based upon what you know about Eddie thus far, how do you think the Blue Man’s evelation about who killed him affected Eddie? Explain your answer. yes he felt guilty Today is Eddie’s Birthday (#3)Based upon what happened in this section, who is braver: Eddie or Joe? Explain why. He gets the ball nd Joe runs off like a little Describe the Blue Man’s childhood. Why doesn’t his father care for him? (pgs. 39-40) he was shy and fidgety, He was ashamed of him for embarassing him Why is the Ruby Pier in the 1920s the Blue Man’s heaven? (pg. 42) he felt accepted Today is Eddie’s Birthday (#4) Where does Eddie unwillingly go on his 8th birthday? he had to Childhood and Pg By hhectr64 How to cite Childhood and Pg, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Writing an Operating Instruction an Example by

Writing an Operating Instruction The paper addresses the issue of branding policy within the Air Force (AF) Operating Instruction. The purpose of the paper is to create an interim change to address the issue and to create a relevant policy for the protection of the AF logo. Need essay sample on "Writing an Operating Instruction" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed The importance of the issue is justified by the fact, that logo and brand are the integral components of the AF intellectual property. Not only intellectual property should be protected; a branding policy should be designed so that the use, protection and changes of the logo and brand are aligned with the provisions within the intellectual property legal framework. Ultimately, as long as the AF logo is associated with the AF positive image, branding policy is crucial to support this image and make it work for the benefit of the whole AF. The fact that AF Operating Instruction does not contain any relevant information about branding policies is a serious problem. The current situation, when the logo and the brand are directly associated with the quality and the level of services, requires immediate response to the discussed issue. As a result, interim change is the best means to highlight the changes which should be made to AF Operating Instruction, regarding its branding policy. College Students Often Tell EssayLab professionals: How much do I have to pay someone to make my assignment today? Specialists suggest: Things Go Better Help Write Essay Services Get Paid To Write Essays For Students Best Essay Writing Service Best Essay Writing Service Reviews Interim Change One to AF Operating Instruction The purpose of the interim change is to promote an AF approved change to the branding policy to be executed by AF. This change, which was agreed with the AF management, expands the AF Operating Instruction to the limits of proper brand use and brand/ logo protection. The AF Operating Instruction is to be supplemented with the provisions, relating to the proper description, specification, and use of the AF logo. This description and specification is to be reflected in the AF brand style book to be specifically designed for AF. The AF brand style book is to become an official AF document, and is to include the following aspects: The detailed description of the AF logo graphic components (size, colors, etc); The detailed description of how the AF logo should be properly imaged (displayed); The examples of the AF logo placement; The examples of the AF logo misuse. The AF logo style book is to be supplied to the basic AF departments, responsible for the promotion campaigns and daily use of the AF logo. The AF Operating Instruction is to be supplemented with the provisions, regarding employees' responsibility for the proper use of the AF brand and logo. The exact criteria of AF logo proper use (and misuse) are to be included into the AF Operating Instruction. The AF Operating Instruction is to be supplemented the limits of the employees' responsibility for protection and proper use (misuse) of the AF logo and brand. The level of the employees' responsibility should be determined by basic employees' obligations, their rights to use the AF logo/ brand for business purposes, the causes and the consequences of the specific case of the AF logo/ brand use (misuse). The AF Operating Instruction is to determine the exact permissible limits of the logo and brand use by employees and AF representatives. The use of AF logo and brand by employees is to be limited by business purposes only. The employees are to be aware of the AF provisions regarding the use of the AF logo and brand. The interim change is to be supplied to all AF departments. The employees are to sign the agreement and rules of using AF confidential information and AF intellectual property. The restrictions for the use of the AF logo by outside users are to be determined in the AF Operating Instruction. The possibility to download the AF logos from its websites and other Internet resources should be eliminated. The use of the brand/ logo downloaded from the AF website should be determined as being against the basic Operating Instruction requirements. The Operating Instruction is to be supplemented with the requirements towards public display of the AF branding policy at the AF website. The suggested changes are to be included into AF Operating Instruction by the end of 2007. This interim change message is to be retained in compliance with the basic AF Operating Instruction provisions, until the changes into the AF Operating Instruction are incorporated through revision or change transmittal. The interim change has been aimed at including the changes regarding the AF branding policy into the AF Operating Instruction. As long as the problem has to be addressed immediately, the interim change message relates to the time period, within which the suggested changes should take place. In any case, the interim change remains valid until such changes are incorporated. Works cited Harley Davidson, Inc. 'Everyday Values. The Harley-Davidson Code of Business Conduct'.2003. Harley Davidson, Inc. 09 October 2007.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Treasure Island Essays - English-language Films, Lost Films

Treasure Island Essays - English-language Films, Lost Films Treasure Island Treasure Island The title of this book is Treasure Island. It is written by Robert Lewis Stevenson and takes place mainly on Treasure Island. There were many characters in this story but the most substantial were; Jim Hawkins the cabin boy/narrator; Long John Silver the captain; David Livesey the ships doctor; Pew the blind-beggar; and John Trelawney the owner of the ship. After the Captain had died from an overdose of Rum, Dr. Livesey looked through the Captains coat and there he found a book. Later Dr. Livesey, Jim, and the squire looked through the book the doctor had found, the doctor opened the seals with great care, and there fell out the map of an island. It had the latitude and longitude, soundings, names of hills, bays, and inlets, and every detail that would be needed to bring a ship to a safe anchorage upon the island. In three weeks time Hawkins shall come as cabin boy. You, Livesey, are ship's doctor; I am admiral. The ship was already bought and fitted. It lied at anchor, ready for sea. The two hundred-ton ship was named Hispaniola. They were ready to go treasure hunting. Well since they didnt have a Captain they had to find someone they knew was an experienced sailor-man, and above all, they could trust. So they told Jim where he could find a man of that caliber by the name of Long John Silver. When Jim reached his destination he looked around and found some one that he thought met the description of a sailor. He went up to the man and said, Long John? The man replied. It happened to be the person Jim was looking for. So Jim told him the plan about the treasure hunt. Long John wasnt too thrilled about the idea of treasure hunting (since he had had bad experiences treasure hunting), but he agreed to it any ways. The voyage was long but the crew proved them selfs worthy. As they steadily approached the island Jim was feeling sick, he said to himself perhaps it was the look of the island with its gray, melancholy woods, and wild stone spires, and the surf that I could see and hear foaming and thundering on the steep beach. Although the sun shone bright and hot, and the shore birds were fishing and crying all around them, you would have thought anyone would have been glad to get to land after being so long at sea, Jims heart sank, as the saying is, into my boots; and from the first look onward, he hated the very thought of Treasure Island. Out, lads, out, and fight 'em in the open! Cutlasses! cried the captain. Round the house, lads! Round the house! cried the captain. And yet, in this breath of time, the fight was over and the victory was ours. These words were spoken during the brutal fight between the pirates and the crew of the Hispaniola while on the island. The climax was when the crew aboard the Hispaniola finally found the treasure in a secluded location as the map had stated. In the treasure there were many different things such as. English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Georges, and Louises, doubloons and double guineas and moidores and sequins, the pictures of all the kings of Europe for the last hundred years. Strange Oriental pieces stamped with what looked like wisps of string or bits of spider's web. Round pieces and square pieces, and pieces bored through the middle, as if to wear them round your neck nearly every variety of money in the world must, I think, have found a place in that collection. Well, to make a long story short, they got a few hands on board, made a good cruise home, and the Hispaniola reached Bristol. Five men only of those who had sailed returned with her. Drink and the devil had done for the rest. All the men had a sufficient share of treasure. Nothing would bring Jim back to that accursed island; and the worst dreams that hell ever have are when he hears the surf booming about its coasts or start upright in his bed with the sharp voice of Captain Flint

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Assimilation - Voiced and Unvoiced French Sounds

Assimilation - Voiced and Unvoiced French Sounds Assimilation is a pronunciation phenomenon which causes consonant sounds to change according to the sounds that surround them. More specifically, assimilation occurs when voiced and unvoiced sounds are combined. Because it can be difficult to pronounce voiced and unvoiced sounds together, one or the other is assimilated: either a normally voiced consonant becomes unvoiced or a normally unvoiced consonant becomes voiced.Voicing - La Sonorità ©Voiced sounds (les sons sonores) occur when the vocal cords vibrate, while unvoiced consonants (les consonnes sourdes) are pronounced without vibrating the vocal cords. To understand the difference, place your hand on your Adams apple and say D and T. You should feel your vocal cords vibrate with the first sound but not the second.The voiced French consonants and sounds are B, D, G, J, L, M, N, R, V, Z, and all vowels.The unvoiced French consonant sounds are CH, F, K, P, S, and T.All unvoiced consonants have a voiced equivalent; i.e., the pairs are pronounced in the same place in the mouth/throat but the first is unvoiced while the second is voiced: CH - JF - VK - GP - BS - ZT - D Assimilation absent [ap sa(n)]obturation [uhp tu ra syo(n)] mà ©decin exact seconde is pronounced [seu go(n)d] rather than [seu ko(n)d].